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NERIST NEE Chemistry Syllabus

Updated on: May 15, 2013
The NERIST NEE Chemistry Syllabus For NERIST Examination for admission to engineering courses is given in this section. The examination consists of 45 marks.

NERIST NEE Chemistry Syllabus 2012

Atoms, Molecules and Chemical Arithmetic : Measurement in Chemistry. Chemical Classification of Matter, Laws of Chemical Combination and Dalton’s Atomic Theory, Atomic Mass, Chemical Equation.

Structure of Atoms and Molecules :
Constituents of the atom, electronic structure of atom, understanding electron behavior,Bohr’s model of hydrogen and hydrogen like atoms, spectrum of hydrogen, Heisenberg’s uncertainty principle, Pauli’s exclusion principle, Hund’s rule of maximum multiplicity.

Orbital and quantum numbers, shapes of orbital, Aufbau principle, electronic configuration of elements up to atomic number 30, Chemical bonding, Hybridization with reference to C2H2, BeCl2, BF3, C2H4, CH4, CCl4, SF6, PCl5, H2O and NH3 molecules, bond distance.

State of Matter : The gaseous state, kinetic molecular theory of gases. Laws governing the ideal behavior of gases, deviation from the ideal behavior, Van der waals equation of state for real gases.

The Solid State : Structure of simple ionic compounds, Close - packed structure, ionic radii, silicates, imperfections in solids; properties of solids, and amorphous solids.

Solutions : Types of solution, Vapor pressure of solution and Raoult’s law. Colligative properties, ideal and non-ideal solutions. Abnormal molecular masses.Energetic : Energy changes during a chemical reaction, internal energy and enthalpy. Heat of reaction, sources of energy, What decides the direction of spontaneous change in a chemical reaction? why is there energy crisis if energy is conserved in nature?

Chemical Thermodynamics : Some basic concepts; first and second law of thermodynamics, absolute entropies and third law of thermodynamics.

Chemical Equilibrium : Equilibrium involving physical changes and chemical system, effect of changing the condition of system of equilibrium,Le-Chatelier’s principle and its applications. Equilibrium involving ions. Ostwald’s dilution law, concept of Bronsted-Lowry and Lewis acid-base.

Chemical Kinetics :
Rate of reaction, the instantaneous rate of a reaction and order of a reaction, factors affecting the rate of a reaction, effect of light on rates of reaction. Elementary reaction steps to more complex reactions, how fast are chemical reactions?, experimental determination, Dependence of reaction rate on temperature, Photochemical reactions, Mechanism of a reaction.

Bonding and Molecular Structure : Chemical bonds and Lewis structure, Shapes of molecules, Quantum theory of covalent bonds. The coordinate covalent bond, bonding in solid state, the hydrogen bond, Resonance.

Redox Reactions : Oxidation and reduction in an electron transfer process, redox reactions in aqueous solutions, electrochemical cells, EMF of a cell, the dependence of EMF on concentration and temperature Electrolysis, Oxidation number, balancing of oxidation reduction equations.

Electrochemistry : Electrolytic conductance, Equivalent and molar conductivities, Quantitative aspect of electrolysis, Galvanic cell, Electrode potential and EMF of a Galvanic cell, Electrochemical cell and free energy, Electrolysis, Faraday’s Laws and criteria for product formation, Some commercial batteries, Corrosion.

Elements, their Occurrence and Extraction :
Earth as a source of elements, Elements in the living beings, Elements in sea, Extraction of metals, Mineral wealth of India. Qualitative tests of metals.

Chemistry of Non-metals-I : Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen, Water and Hydrogen peroxide.

Chemistry of Non-metals-II : Boron, Silicon, Phosphrus, Sulphur, Halogens, Noble gases.

Chemistry of Lighter Elements : Sodium and Potassium, Magnesium and Calcium, Aluminum. Biological role of Sodium, Potassium, Magnesium and Calcium.

Chemistry of Heavier Metals : Iron, Copper, Silver, Gold, Zinc, Mercury, Tin, Lead.

Chemistry of Main Group Elements : Alkali metals, Alkaline earth metals, Boron family, Carbon family, Nitrogen family, Oxygen family, Halogen family, Noble gases and Hydrogen.

Transition Metals including Lanthanides : Electronic configuration, Physical and chemical properties of element. General properties of first row transition metal compounds, some general group trends in the chemistry of transition metals. Elements of the lanthanides and the actinide series.

CoordinationCompounds and Organometalics :
Coordination compounds, isomerism and bonding in coordination compounds; stability of coordination compounds in solution, importance of coordination compounds. Organometallic compounds.

Carbon and its Compounds : Elemental carbon, carbon compounds; inorganic and organic compounds of carbon, nomenclature of organic compounds, some common organic compounds.

Structure and Shape(s) of Hydrocarbons :
Alkanes, Stereoisomerism and chirality, alkenes, alkynes and arenes.
Preparation and Properties of Hydrocarbons : Sources of hydrocarbons, Laboratory preparation of alkanes, alkenes and alkynes, physical properties of alkanes, Reactions of hydrocarbons.

Organic Chemistry based on Functional Group-I :
Nomenclature, General methods of preparation, properties and uses of haloalkanes, haloarenes, polyhalogen compounds, alcohols, phenols. Commercially important alcohols and phenols.

Organic Chemistry based on Functional Group-II : Nomenclature, general methods of preparation, properties and uses of ethers, aldehydes, ketones, carboxylic acids and derivatives of carboxylic acids.

Organic Chemistry based on Functional Group-III : Nomenclature, general methods of preparation properties and uses of cyanides, isocyanides, amines and nitro compounds.

Purification and Characterization of Organic Compounds : Purification, qualitative and quantitative analysis, determination of molecular mass, calculation of empirical and molecular formulae, Some examples in organic quantitative analysis. Modern methods of structure elucidation.

Nuclear Chemistry :
Discovery of radioactivity and the nature of radiation from redo active substances, Chemical equations for nuclear changes, radioactive series, rate of redioactive decay, artificial transmutation and artificial radioactivity, Synthetic elements, Nuclear fission, Nuclear fusion. Applications of radioactivity and radioisotopes.

Synthetic and Natural Polymers :
Classification and molecular mass of polymers, Some commercially important polymers.
Surface Chemistry : Adsorption, the colloidal state, emulsions, catalysis, heterogeneous catalysis.

Biomolecules : Structure and function of carbohydrates, proteins, enzymes, nucleic acids and lipids.
Chemistry of some Biological Processes : Cellular energetics, photosynthesis, digestion, metabolism. Water and blood, the vital fluids. Immune system. Hormones, Vitamins, Chemical evolution and origin of life. Genetic engineering and biotechnology.

Chemistry in Action : Dyes, chemicals in medicines. Chemistry of rocket propellants.
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